The network is formed by an outstanding group of scholars with a very high international reputation, and its aim is to discuss on how global history has influenced new studies provoking an intensive debate among scholars on how to theorise and write history, as well as to approach to the empirical data by building the proper questions and hypothesis through concrete case studies. How to focus the analysis of the birth of a global society, by which we can find the early trans-continental meetings and encounters since the silk road was open between the East and West during the expansion of Alexander the Great's empire into Central Asia, the Marco Polo's trips to China in the XIIIth century or the discovery of the Americas by Columbus. These major historical facts take part of the early stages of the globalization shaping a world trans-culturally connected. Within this global historical process local history, or the so-called micro-history, as well as other disciplines of social sciences, such as sociology, demography, anthropology or philosophy, play a crucial role as historical facts could not be properly interpreted without the help of such disciplines.

The real breakthrough of this network is to actively revise, since the early days, the socio-cultural and economic transfers from western and eastern territories and vice versa, which occurred when different goods, people and knowledge circulated trans-continentally. Therefore, one of the key issues to debate is how eastern and western historiographies have been built by scholars, and which are the major lacks and challenges. The controversial question is: why national scholar traditions clash when historians go beyond the rigid national models, which obviously belong to an upper political discourse, using a trans-national approach to explain how local history is connected within a more general framework?